Skip to content

Module Publishing

Timoni modules are distributed as Open Container Initiative (OCI) artifacts. When publishing a module version to a container registry, the version number is used as the OCI artifact tag.

Artifact format

The OCI artifacts produced with timoni mod push have the following media types:

  • Image media type application/vnd.oci.image.manifest.v1+json
  • Config media type application/vnd.timoni.config.v1+json
  • Layer media type application/vnd.timoni.content.v1.tar+gzip

The artifacts are annotated with OCI standard annotations:

  • org.opencontainers.image.version: <MODULE VERSION>
  • org.opencontainers.image.created: <MODULE LAST MODIFIED DATE>
  • org.opencontainers.image.source: <MODULE GIT URL>
  • org.opencontainers.image.revision: <MODULE GIT SHA>

To enable reproducible builds, Timoni tries to determine the module's last modified date, the source URL and source revision from the Git metadata.

Version format

The version format used by Timoni follows the SemVer 2 standard, with the following restrictions:

  • The version number must take the form X.Y.Z where X, Y, and Z are non-negative integers, and must not contain leading zeroes.
  • Prefixing the version number with v is not supported.
  • Suffixing the version number with build metadata by appending a plus sign is not supported, because the + sign can't be used in OCI tags.

The supported formats are:

  • 0.Y.Z - denotes initial development e.g. 0.1.2
  • X.Y.Z - denotes a stable release when X >= 1 e.g. 1.0.0 or 1.23.45
  • X.Y.Z-alpha.N - denotes an alpha pre-release e.g. 2.0.0-alpha.1
  • X.Y.Z-beta.N - denotes a beta pre-release e.g. 2.0.0-beta.1
  • X.Y.Z-rc.N - denotes a releases candidate e.g. 2.0.0-rc.1

Publishing module versions

Timoni offers a command for publishing a module version by packaging a local module as an OCI artifact and pushing the artifact to a container registry.

When publishing a module with timoni mod push, the version number must be specified using the --version flag.

Stable versions

Example of publishing version 1.0.0 as the latest stable release:

timoni mod push ./modules/my-app oci:// \
  --latest=true \

To add custom metadata to a version, such as licenses and documentation links please the timoni mod push docs.

Pre-release versions

Example of publishing a pre-release version:

timoni mod push ./modules/my-app oci:// \
  --latest=false \

Latest version

The --latest flag is used to mark a stable release as the latest version. When --latest is set to true, Timoni will push the version tag, then it will tag the version as latest in the container registry.


Note that a Timoni module version should be immutable. The only tag that is suppose to be mutable, is the latest one. Overriding an existing version tag in the container registry should be avoided, some registries allow enforcing immutability for semver tags but this is not guranteed by default.

To automate the publishing of module versions, please see the Timoni GitHub Actions doc.

Ignoring files

Timoni modules can contain files that are not meant to be published. To exclude files from the module artifact, you can add a timoni.ignore file in the module root directory.

The timoni.ignore file must contain rules in the .gitignore pattern format.

It is recommended to exclude Git, Go and CUE tools related files, for example:


# Go


Listing module versions

Timoni offers a command for listing all the versions available in a container registry for a particular module.

The timoni mod list oci://<module-url> prints a table with the versions order by semver and the OCI digest corresponding to each version.


$ timoni mod list oci://
VERSION DIGEST                                                                  
latest  sha256:1dba385f9d56f9a79e5b87344bbec1502bd11f056df51834e18d3e054de39365 
6.5.4   sha256:1dba385f9d56f9a79e5b87344bbec1502bd11f056df51834e18d3e054de39365 
6.5.3   sha256:54d38b407012ccfb42badf0974ba70f9ae229ecd38f17e8a1f4e7189283b924f 
6.5.2   sha256:6feb340acfc8f566bad9d4fa1e71a3cd0feade41a00750428b4f1b0b5e3c86a0 
6.5.1   sha256:aa76ad9ab7e7a3efd12af1ceaaaa7e53a165a77869fecc64342c8ea6b1b758e2 
6.5.0   sha256:d5cb5a8c625045ee1da01d629a2d46cd361f2b6472b8bd07bcabbd0012bc574b